Elucidate the concept of civil religion

According to Emile Durkhiem, a French sociologist, a religion is a unified set of beliefs and practices, which unite people into a single moral community. Carlton J.H.Hayes says that Nationalism had become a genuine religion as it arouses a deep and compelling emotion.

Civil religion is the "religious or quasi-religious regard for certain civic values and traditions of the political states, which is expressed through celebrations, festivals and rituals to honor the great events and persons of the past". This kind of religious nature can be observed in the celebration of independence day, birthdays of freedom fighters etc.

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