MPA - 016

* Note :- The answers that are not yet published, will be posted soon.


June, 2017

Attempt any five questions in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION - I

  1. Define democratic decentralisation and discuss its evolution with special reference to India.
  2. 'PRIs are instruments of social transformation. Discuss.
  3. Highlight the socio-economic components of decentralisation.
  4. Define development with focus on equal distribution of benefits.
  5. Write short notes in about 250 words on each of the following :
    (a) Bhagidari - A Model of Governance
    (b) Impact of decentralised development

SECTION - II

  1. Write a historical overview of local governance in pre-independent India.
  2. Highlight the major features of 73rdConstitutional Amendment Act.
  3. Discuss the role and position of Gram Sabha towards effective devolution of powers and functions.
  4. Define development planning and highlight its major requirements.
  5. Write a note on modalities of peoples' participation.

December, 2016

Attempt any five questions in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION - I

  1. Explain the meaning and importance of democratic decentralisation.
  2. Discuss the administrative and financial dimensions of decentralisation.
  3. Critically examine the functioning of local governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.
  4. Write art essay on capacity building of grassroots functionaries.
  5. Describe the partnership among the local authorities and special purpose agencies in education sector.

SECTION - II

  1. Write a note on Bhagidari as a model of good governance.
  2. Discuss the evolution of urban local government in India.
  3. Briefly examine the impact of decentralised development.
  4. Examine the challenges to sustainable development and environment.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each : 10x2=20
    (a) Issues in Urban Planning
    (b) Knowledge Networking

June, 2016

Attempt any five questions in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION - I

  1. What do you mean by the term 'democratic decentralisation' ? Examine the political dimension of democratic decentralisation.
  2. Write an essay on the socio-economic components of decentralised development.
  3. Define the term empowerment. Examine the grass roots initiatives to empowerment.
  4. Write a note on Bhagidari programme.
  5. Discuss the political and functional dimensions of development.

SECTION - II

  1. Describe the organisational structure of rural local bodies in India.
  2. Discuss the challenges to sustainable development and environment.
  3. Examine the factors influencing people's preference for distribution of benefits of development.
  4. Elucidate the various issues involved in micro - level planning.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each :
    (a) State Finance Commission
    (b) Resources of local bodies

December, 2015

Answer any five questions out of the following in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION I

  1. "There is a political environment of choice in democratic decentralisation." Comment.
  2. Discuss the social context of democratic decentralisation.
  3. Describe the administrative decentralisation in contemporary scenario.
  4. Write a note on partnership among local authorities and special purpose agencies in health sector.
  5. "Bhagidari takes place in three-fold ways." Discuss.

SECTION II

  1. Highlight the various constraints in micro-level planning.
  2. Write a note on resources of local bodies.
  3. What is sustainable development ? Also, explain its interlinkages with governance.
  4. Briefly discuss the issues in democratic decentralisation.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each :
    (a) Features of 73rd Constitution Amendment Act, 1992
    (b) Features of 74th Constitution Amendment Act, 1992.

June, 2015

Answer any five questions out of the following in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION I

  1. Examine the constitutional dimension of democratic decentralisation in India.
  2. 'Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) are instruments of social transformation.' Discuss.
  3. Describe the political decentralisation in the contemporary scenario.
  4. Write a note on partnership among local authorities and special purpose agencies in the
    education sector.
  5. Highlight the working process of Bhagidari in NCR.

SECTION II

  1. Discuss briefly the issues in micro-level planning.
  2. Write a note on modalities for people's participation.
  3. Explain the capacity building of local administration.
  4. Briefly highlight the impact of Panchayati Raj and municipal bodies' reforms.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each :
    (a) Administrative Decentralisation
    (b) Functional and Financial Decentralisation

December, 2014

Attempt five questions, selecting at least two questions from each section, in 500 words each. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION - I

  1. Explain the socio-economic components of decentralisation and highlight the measures to strengthen them.
  2. Describe the significance of democratic decentralisation in India.
  3. Examine the operational framework of empowerment and highlight measures to ensure an effective empowerment.
  4. 'Bhagidari, a programme of Government - Citizen Partnership, can be termed as a model of good
    governance'. Discuss.
  5. Write short notes on the following in 250 words each :
    (a) Impact of decentralised development on bureaucracy.
    (b) The Principle of Balance.

SECTION - II

  1. 'The 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992, empowers the municipalities to function as an
    effective institution of self-governance'. Examine.
  2. Describe the structure, power and functions of Panchayati Raj Institutions.
  3. What are the basic constraints in micro-level planning ?
  4. Explain the significance of capacity building at the local level.
  5. Write short notes on the following in 250 words each :
    (a) Major challenges to sustainable development.
    (b) Impact of the Panchayati Raj reforms.

June, 2014

Answer any five questions out of the following given in Section I and Section II in 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each Section. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION I

  1. Discuss the issues of functional and financial decentralisation with reference to local governance in India.
  2. Describe the politico-administrative components of decentralisation.
  3. Discuss the major problems and constraints coming in the way of empowerment.
  4. Explain the constitutional dimensions of democratic decentralisation.
  5. Write short notes in about 250 words on each of the following :
    (a) Significance of democratic decentralisation
    (b) Bhagidari programme

SECTION II

  1. Analyse the functioning of Panchayati Raj Institutions in various States of India.
  2. Highlight the major features of 74th Constitutional Amendment Act.
  3. Explain the basic requirements of development planning.
  4. 'State has an enormous responsibility in ensuring the conservation of resources in a sustainable manner.' Examine.
  5. Write short notes in about 250 words on each of the following :
    (a) Capacity building of local administration
    (b) Major constraints in micro-level planning

December, 2013

Attempt any five questions, in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section.

SECTION - I

  1. Define Democratic Decentralisation and discuss its evolution in India.
  2. Discuss the role of PRIs as an instrument of Social Transformation.
  3. Describe the constitutional dimensions of democratic decentralisation.
  4. Discuss the issue of Administrative Decentralisation in Local Governance.
  5. Bhagidari Programme is a Model of People's participation in Governance - Examine.

SECTION - II

  1. Examine the impact of political Decentralisation on Rural development.
  2. Discuss the basics of Local Governance.
  3. Explain the intra-tier responsibilities as enunciated in the 11th schedule.
  4. Define Sustainable Development and highlight its major challenges.
  5. Write short notes in about 250 words each on the following :
    (a) Institutional capacity building of Grassroot functionaries.
    (b) People's aspirations towards local Governance.

June, 2013

Attempt any five questions, in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section.

SECTION - I

  1. Briefly discuss the concept and significance of Democratic Decentralisation.
  2. Briefly examine the economic context of Democratic Decentralisation in India.
  3. Analyse the problems and constraints of empowerment at the local level.
  4. Discuss the factors influencing people's preference for distribution in small groups.
  5. Examine the Bhagidari Programme as a model of citizen's participation in Governance.

SECTION - II

  1. Highlight various observations made on the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act.
  2. Briefly discuss the features of 74th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1993.
  3. Describe the intra-tier distribution of powers and functions of Rural Local Bodies. Also, highlight
    the intra-tier implementation hurdles.
  4. Describe the concept of sustainable development and its inter-linkages with government.
  5. Write short notes in about 250 words each the following :
    (a) Cultural Constraints in Micro-Level Planning.
    (b) Knowledge Networking.

December, 2012

Answer any five questions, by selecting at least two questions from each section, in about 500 words each. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION - I

  1. Explain the concept of democratic decentralisation and its structure in India.
  2. 'Democratic decentralisation has an economic context'. Comment.
  3. Discuss the concept of empowerment and highlight the grassroots levels initiatives in India for strengthening it.
  4. Highlight Socio-Economic Component of decentralisation.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each:
    (a) Concept of Development.
    (b) Impact of Decentralised Development.

SECTION - II

  1. Discuss the features and importance of 74th Constitutional Amendment.
  2. Trace the evolution of Urban Local Governments in Post-Independence era in India.
  3. Examine the context and rationale of development planning.
  4. 'Micro level planning faces major constraints'. Analyse.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each :
    (a) Polycentricity
    (b) Sustainable Development

June, 2012

Answer any five questions, selecting at least two questions from each section, in about 500 words each. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION-I

  1. 'Decentralisation is a prime mechanism through which democracy becomes truely representative
    and responsive'. Analyse.
  2. Explain the constitutional dimension of democratic decentralisation in India.
  3. 'Democratic decentralisation has a social context'. Comment.
  4. 'Mere legislative enactments do not ensure effectiveness and viability of empowerment. Discuss with reference to the problems and constraints of empowerment.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each :
    (a) Participation of local authorities and special purpose Agencies in Education Sector.
    (b) Suggestions for Strengthening Decentralised Development.

SECTION - II

  1. Discuss the features and importance of 73rd constitutional Amendment.
  2. Write a note on structure and functions of the Panchayati Raj Institutions.
  3. 'Municipalities operate in a given functional domain'. Elucidate.
  4. Highlight the major issues in Micro level Planning.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each :
    (a) Modalities for People's Participation in Governance.
    (b) Challenges to Sustainable Development.

December, 2011

Attempt five questions, selecting at least two questions from each Section, in 500 words each. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION - I

  1. Describe the constitutional dimension of democratic decentralisation in India.
  2. Discuss the various measures/steps needed to ensure an effective empowerment.
  3. Explain the measures that can strengthen the socio - economic and politico - administrative
    components of decentralisation.
  4. Write a,note on the partnership between local authorities and special purpose agencies in education sector.
  5. Highlight the working process and implementation system of the 'Bhagidari' programme.

SECTION - II

  1. Briefly explain the structure, powers and functions of Panchayati Raj Institutions in India.
  2. Examine the features of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1993.
  3. Discuss the issues in urban planning in the context of development planning in India.
  4. Discuss the sources of revenue of municipal bodies.
  5. Define sustainable development and explain its linkages with governance.

June, 2011

Attempt five questions, selecting at least two questions from each Section in about 500 words each. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION-I

  1. Describe briefly the concept and significance of democratic decentralisation.
  2. Discuss the concept of 'empowerment' and highlight its need.
  3. Write a note on the politico - administrative component of decentralisation.
  4. 'Principle of Balance' is an important principle of equal distribution of benefits of development'.
    Discuss.
  5. Examine the partnership between local authorities and special purpose agencies in health sector.

SECTION-II

  1. Highlight the features of 73ra Constitutional Amendment Act 1992.
  2. Explain the organisation structure, powers and functions of municipalities.
  3. Highlight the issues in rural development in the context of development planning.
  4. Discuss the constraints in micro - level planning.
  5. Examine the challenges in the area of sustainable development and environment.

December, 2010

Attempt any five questions, in about 500 words each, selecting at least two questions from each section.

SECTION - I

  1. 'Decentralization is a prime mechanism for ensurens representative and responsive democracy'. Discuss.
  2. Highlight the important componenents of political and financial decentralization.
  3. Critically examine the operational framework of empowerment of people at grass root level.
  4. Discuss the factors influencing people's preference for society wide distribution of resources.
  5. Write short notes on the following in 250 words each
    1. Post-modernist critique of democratic decentralization.
    2. Role of District Rural Development Agency.
  6. Examine the operationalization of Panchayati Raj institutions in any four states.
  7. Describe in brief the evolution of urban local government.
  8. Discuss the importance and constraints of micro level planning.
  9. Enhanced capacity of the administration has to match political decentralization initiatives in order to get the desired results. Examine with reference to capacity building of local administration.
  10. Write short notes on the following in 250 words each.
    1. Challenges to sustainable development and environment.
    2. Intra-tier implementation hurdles.

June, 2010

Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions from each Section in about 500 words each. All questions carry equal marks.

SECTION - I

  1. Explain the concept of democratic decentralisation and trace its evolution in India.
  2. Analyse in brief the important aspects of social context of democratic decentralisation.
  3. Discuss the important measures to strengthen the socio-economic and politico - administrative
    components of decentralised development.
  4. Highlight the features and working of Bhagidari programme initiated by the Government of Delhi.
  5. Write short notes on the following in about 250 words each :
    1. Partnership among local authorities and special purpose agencies in telecommunication sector.
    2. Role of Gram Sabha.

SECTION - II

  1. Examine the limitations of the Panchayati raj system in the light of 73 rd constitutional amendment.
  2. 'A close study of the eleventh schedule of the Indian constitution suggests that local institutions
    in rural India have been assigned more responsibilities'-Discuss.
  3. Throw light on the key requirements for effective development planning.
  4. Discuss the important financial resources of local bodies.
  5. Write short notes on the following in 250 words each :
    1. Institutional capacity building
    2. Inter linkage between sustainable development and governance.

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