ESO-12 Solved Question papers

* Note :- The answers that are not yet published, will be posted soon.

December, 2015


Answer any two of the following questions in about 500 words each.

  1. Explain the concept of ‘family’. Discuss the developmental cycle approach to the understanding of family in India.
  2. “Villages are characterized by vertical interdependence of castes.” Discuss.
  3. Explain the descent approach to the understanding of kinship.
  4. Explain the descriptive nature of North-Indian kinship terms.


Answer any four of the following questions in about 250 words each.

  1. What are the main features of urban economy ?
  2. What are the main challenges to nation-building efforts in India ?
  3. Discuss the role of Parsi Panchayat in their society.
  4. Do you agree that urban social issues are an extension of rural social issues in India ? Discuss.
  5. Outline the main features of caste system.
  6. In what way does industrialization influence the lives of tribal communities ?


Answer all the following questions in about 100 words each.

  1. List the main issues raised by the Brahmo Samaj.
  2. What are the key structured factors that influence women’s education in India ?
  3. What are the main objectives of tribal associations ?

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