ESO-13 Solved Question papers

* Note :- The answers that are not yet published, will be posted soon.

December, 2015


Answer any two of the following questions in about 500 words each.

  1. Discuss the socio-economic background of the emergence of sociology in Europe.
  2. “Society evolves from a simple form to a complex one. Discuss from Spencer’s point of view.
  3. Critically analyse Marx’s concept of class and class conflict.
  4. Discuss the connection between need and culture in Malinowski’s framework.


Answer any four of the following questions in about 250 words each.

  1. Define social facts. Outline the main characteristics of social facts.
  2. Discuss the concepts of power and authority as given by Max Weber.
  3. Elaborate Veblen’s theory of leisure class.
  4. Outline the abnormal forms of division of labour.
  5. Why does Merton say that a ‘non-conformist’ is not a criminal ? Discuss.
  6. Explain Radhakamal Mukherjee’s formulation of `Social Ecology’.
  7. Discuss the major issues raised in socio-religious reform movements in pre-independent India.
  8. Discuss the hierarchy of the sciences given by Auguste Comte.


Also Read :  Discuss R.K. Merton's concept of function.

Answer any two of the following questions in about 100 words each.

  1. Identify the features of Bureaucracy.
  2. What is Indology ?
  3. What did Parsons mean by ‘pattern variables’ ?
  4. What is meant by Asiatic mode of production ?

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