The term middle classes refers to the social group that exists between upper classes and working classes. Middle class emerged in India under the British rule. Industrialization and mass education contributed to the forming of middle class. This newly formed middle class played an active role in India's struggle for independence.
After independence, the role of middle classes in forming the policies of economic development is eminent. Middle classes of modern Indian society became more prominent after the liberalization and globalization reforms in 1990s. The number of middle class people are growing and are now dominating the Indian politics and society.